pottygirl’s 2012 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

4,329 films were submitted to the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. This blog had 19,000 views in 2012. If each view were a film, this blog would power 4 Film Festivals

Click here to see the complete report.

Plunger or Brush?

During my very first visit to the US (during my honeymoon, to be precise) I had my very first, very embarrassing experience with a plunger. After all, it happened at my mother-in-law’s house. As it happened again at a hotel in Las Vegas a few years later, I still didn’t understand why I clog a toilet in the US, but never have before in Germany.

I moved to the US many years later and bought an older home. As the drought in Georgia worsened in 2007, I noticed that the toilets in our home used 3.5 gallons for each flush. I started looking around in home improvement stores and was stunned that all toilets available used 1.6 gallons for each flush. As toilets with the option of using very little water for flushing No. 1 have been available in Germany  for a very long time, I could not believe I couldn’t find them here. So after much research, I finally found Caroma Dual Flush toilets and decided to spread the word and help Georgians flushing less water and money down the toilet. After I learned why Caroma toilets work so well with very little water, I realized why American toilets clog. So finally, 16 years later I realized that there was nothing wrong with me, or my diet, that I clogged a toilet on my honeymoon!

Standard US toilets clear the bowl with siphon technology, so the waste in the bowl gets pulled into the drain and out into the trap way. In order to create this siphon action, the trap way needs to be as narrow as possible, usually around 2 to 2 3/4 inches. You can see how siphon vs. washdown technology works here

Although most of the time this flushing method gets rid of the waste efficiently, there is a tendency for blockages to occur in the toilet trap way.

Australian and European designed toilets use a wash down method which “pushes” the waste down, instead of “pulling” it. This is why European toilets have a larger diameter trap way which results in less clogging.

One drawback of wash down toilets is the smaller water spot in the bowl, which can result in “skid marks” happening on occasion. So it really comes down to a matter of personal preference. If you are comfortable with getting out a plunger to unclog your toilet every now and again, then stick with an American style toilet. If you have issues with clogged toilets and don’t mind using a toilet brush every now and then an Australian or European style model may work better for you.

Venice, FL toilet rebate program

Living Green: Venice toilet rebate program.

Living Green: Venice toilet rebate program

Reported by: Scott Dennis
Email: sdennis@mysuncoast.com
Last Update: 7/24 6:09 pm

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VENICE – You may have some water hogs inside your home and not even know it.  Older toilets can use three or more gallons per flush.  New models or low flow toilets, use only 1.6 gallons or less.  That can really add up over time and there’s no excuse now not to replace those water hogs if you live in the City of Venice.

The “City on the Gulf” is offering an opportunity to save the water that fills this tower and to keep your hard earned money from being flushed down the toilet.

Venice now offering a rebate of up to $100 to replace an older, high flow toilet that needs at least three gallons per flush.  There’s a limit of two per customer.  The city’s Utilities Director says there’s a big need for this rebate program.
“We’ve got a lot of old, high flow fixtures out there. Venice is an older city, Sarasota is too, but in Venice, we’re trying to encourage folks to look for additional ways to curb their water use, either now over over time,” says Len Bramble, Venice Director of Utilities.

Our toilets tend to last a long time.  All we have to do is occasionally replace the components inside to keep it flushing for years, even decades.  But here’s an incentive that will help you save water and pay less on your utility bill for years to come.  “Think about it over the course of a month or a year, or five years or ten years. Most of us keep those fixtures for a long time,” says Bramble.

Don’t forget, there are also dual flush toilets available now that use even less water for number one.  For more information on the City of Venice’s toilet replacement rebate program, visit the city’s website.

Other Suncoast communities have similar programs.  Check with your local government.

Caroma’s 2011 “One Flush Makes a Difference” Promotion – 50% off MSRP


2011 “One Flush Makes a Difference” Promotion

Caroma’s 50% off promotion is back! Last year’s promotion was a huge success and this year we’re once again inviting customers to receive a coupon for 50% off the list price of any qualifying Caroma toilet or sink at participating reseller locations*. The 2011 “One Flush Makes a Difference” promotion honors Earth Month and helps bring awareness to all that Caroma does to promote water-efficiency. You have until June 30, 2011 to participate in the promotion and receive 50 % off the list price of any qualifying Caroma toilet or sink.

Can One Flush Make a Difference?

Absolutely! In the United States federal law requires that new toilets must not exceed 1.6 gallons of water per flush (gpf). The high efficiency toilet (HET) category has set a standard in North America with 1.28 gallons per flush (gpf). Caroma’s HET’s go even further: The average flush of the toilets in Caroma’s standard collection is 1.06 gpf, while the Smart Series features an industry breaking 0.96 gpf!

Just think. If just one person uses a high efficiency toilet for one year then they will save around 330 gallons of water (based on the average three times a day flush). Further, if your toilet is from the 1980s, when new toilets were regulated to use 3.5 gallons of water per flush, you would save 2,410 gallons per year by switching to a HET toilet!

The numbers simply add up. If five people replaced their old 3.5 gpf toilet, over 12,000 gallons of water or the equivalent of 300 20-minute showers would be saved. One flush does make a difference, but if 2,000 people with new toilets switched to a HET toilet, in one year you would be able to fill an Olympic sized swimming pool with the water saved: 660,430 gallons! If 822 people using the old 3.5 gpf toilets changed to a Caroma HET toilet, we could fill an Olympic pool with the water saved!

Start Saving. Now you can save money and water at the same time with Caroma’s “One Flush Makes a Difference” 50% off promotion.

*Available through participating resellers only.
Excludes Invisi™ Series, Somerton Smart 270, Sydney Smart 305 One-Piece, Cube Ultra, H2 Zero Waterless and Flow Showerheads. Shipping not included. 50% discount is based off of the list price. Promotion runs from February 14, 2011 through June 30, 2011. Offer available to all North American residents (Canada exempt). Coupon must be present at time of purchase.

Click here to see Participating Dealers – if you are in Georgia, contact ecoTransitions.

All floor mounted models also qualify for the various toilet rebate programs in the US!

Why do American toilets clog?

After I moved here from Germany I noticed that Americans often have a plunger in their bathrooms. It took me not very long to find out that toilets clog more often in North America than they do in Europe. I didn’t learn about the reason why they clog, until I started ecoTransitions during the drought in 2007, supplying Australian designed Caroma Dual Flush toilets to Georgians. It’s a matter of design, trap way size and flush method.

Standard US toilets clear the bowl with siphon technology, so the waste in the bowl gets pulled into the drain and out into the trap way. In order to create this siphon action, the trap way needs to be as narrow as possible, usually around 2 to 2 3/4 inches.  You can see how siphon vs. washdown technology works here

Although most of the time this flushing method gets rid of the waste efficiently, there is a tendency for blockages to occur in the toilet trap way.

Australian and European designed toilets use a wash down method which “pushes” the waste down, instead of of “pulling” it. This is why European toilets have a larger diameter trap way which results in less clogging.

One drawback wash down toilets have versus siphon models is the smaller water spot in the bowl, which can result in “skid marks” happening on ocassion.  So it really comes down to a matter of  personal preference. If you are comfortable with getting out a plunger to unclog your toilet every now and again, then stick with an American style toilet. If you have issues with clogged toilets and don’t mind using a toilet brush every now and then an Australian or European style model may work better for you.

Gainesville, GA Toilet rebate criteria change | AccessNorthGa

Toilet rebate criteria change | AccessNorthGa.

Toilet rebate criteria change

GAINESVILLE – The criteria for the City of Gainesville Plumbing Retrofit Program has changed. 

Under the new guidelines, only high efficiency toilets that are 1.28 gallons per flush or less will be eligible for the credit offered by the Gainesville Public Utilities Department.

Under the retrofit program, any single-family residential customer, whose home was built prior to 1993, can replace older model toilets with new water efficient models and receive a $75.00 credit per toilet replaced. The credit is applied to the applicants’ City of Gainesville water bill.

The City of Gainesville was the first to offer a plumbing retrofit program in North Georgia and in the past has offered the credit for 1.6 gpf toilets.

These eligibility changes are due to measures passed by the legislature in the water stewardship act. These changes will take effect statewide in July 2012. However, to continue as a leader in water conservation, the City of Gainesville has opted to implement the changes this year.

A typical family of four can save around 35 gallons a day or 12,775 gallons a year by replacing one 3.5 gpf toilet with a 1.28 gpf toilet.

Rebate applications must be accompanied with an original receipt and can be found online at http://www.gainesville.org/public_utilities or the Public Utilities Building located at 757 Queen City Parkway, SW Gainesville, GA 30501. Please see application for complete details.

For more information contact Jennifer Flowers at (770) 532-7462, ext. 3287.


Dekalb County, GA approves Water Rate Hike

The DeKalb County Board of Commissioners approved an 11 percent water and sewer rate increase to pay for nearly $1.4 billion in water and sewer system upgrades in the County.

If your home was built prior to 1993 and you haven’t upgraded your toilets yet, you are wasting a significant amount of water and money. By upgrading an old, inefficient toilet to a WaterSense labeled High Efficiency Dual Flush toilet you can reduce your water usage between 40% and 70%. On top of the water savings achieved by reduced water usage, you will also receive a $100 rebate from Dekalb County Watershed (if you meet the requirements) – details can be found here. If you opt for a Caroma Dual Flush toilet, you can also retire your plunger, as these toilets virtually do not clog (want proof? view this flushing video from ecoTransitions).

Best and worst bottled water brands by Shine


By Lori Bongiorno

(Photo: B2M Productions / Getty Images)(Photo: B2M Productions / Getty Images) 

How much do you know about the bottled water you drink? Not nearly enough, according to a new report released today from Environmental Working Group(EWG). “Bottled water companies try hard to hide information you might find troubling,” says Jane Houlihan, senior vice president of research for the Washington D.C.-based research and advocacy group.

[Read more: Cities with the best (and worst) tap water]

EWG analyzed the labels of 173 unique bottled water products and company websites to determine if companies disclose information on where water comes from, how or if their water is treated, and whether the results of purity testing are revealed. The nonprofit also looked at how effective (and advanced) any water treatment methods are. Researchers followed up by calling dozens of bottled water companies to find out which ones willingly tell consumers what’s in their bottles.

The Environmental Protection Agency says on its website that consumers have the right to know where their water comes from and what’s in it so they can “make informed choices that affect the health of themselves and their families.” Tap water is regularly tested and consumers can find their local water info online. That’s not necessarily the case with bottled water, which is not required to disclose that information to consumers. “Bottled water is a food product and every one of these companies is complying with federal law,” says Tom Lauria, of the International Bottled Water Association.

[Video: The story of bottled water]

More than half of the bottled water products surveyed failed EWG’s transparency test –18 percent didn’t say where their water comes from, and another 32 percent did not disclose any information on treatment or purity of water.

Only three brands earned the highest possible marks for disclosing information and using the most advanced treatment methods available – Gerber Pure Purified WaterNestle Pure Life Purified Water, and Penta Ultra-Purified Water.

On the other end of the spectrum, these six brands got the worst marks in EWG’s report because they don’t provide consumers with the three basic facts about water on product labels or their company website – Whole Foods Italian Still Mineral WaterVintage Natural Spring WaterSahara Premium Drinking WaterO Water Sport Electrolyte Enhanced Purified Drinking WaterMarket Basket Natural Spring Water, andCumby’s Spring Water.

How does your bottled water brand stack up? Here’s a look at the 10 top-selling* U.S. brands:

1.     Pure Life Purified Water (Nestle), EWG grade = B

2.     Arrowhead Mountain Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = C

3.     Aquafina Purified Drinking Water (Pepsi), EWG grade = D

4.     Dasani Purified Water (Coca-Cola), EWG grade = D

5.     Deer Park Natural Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = D

6.     Ice Mountain Natural Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = D

7.     Ozarka Natural Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = D

8.     Poland Spring Natural Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = D

9.     Zephyrhills Natural Spring Water (Nestle), EWG grade = D

10.  Crystal Geyser Natural Alpine Spring Water (CG Roxane), EWG grade =  F

Filtered tap water received the best grade (an A) from EWG because if you change your filter regularly, EWG says it is purer than bottled water, plus it saves money (bottled water can cost up to 1,900 times more than what flows from your tap). Drinking tap water also takes less of a toll on the planet. EWG offers plenty of tips for filtering your tap water so that you can drink the healthiest water possible.

[Related: Giving up bottled water saves a shocking amount of money]

What should you do when bottled water is your only option? “While our top choice is filtered tap water, when you do need to choose bottled water, we recommend brands that tell you what’s in the water and that use advanced treatment technologies like reverse osmosis and micro-filtration,” says Houlihan. Advanced treatment technologies remove pollutants that other methods don’t. You should look for bottled water products that tell you where the water is coming from and how pure it is.

Here are the results for all 173 bottled water brands included in the report. You’ll find that some less popular brands rank even lower than our list of top-sellers.

The advice to drink filtered tap water can seem confusing when there are often reports about the contaminants found in municipal water supplies. Just last month, for example, EWG announced that cancer causing hexavalent chromium (chromium-6) is in 31 cities’ tap water. Houlihan says chromium-6 is as likely to be in your bottled water as it is in your tap water and we need action from the federal government on this. She points out that a reverse osmosis filter can remove the worrisome contaminant. You can guarantee its removal in your home supply, but in many cases you don’t know what’s in the bottle you’re drinking from.

*Sales rankings from the Beverage Marketing Corporation.

What’s In Your Bottled Water – Besides Water? 2011 Bottled Water Scorecard | Environmental Working Group

published by 2011 Bottled Water Scorecard | Environmental Working Group. Please visit the site to download the complete report and check your bottled water brand.

Pure, clean water.

That’s what the ads say. But what does the lab say?

When you shell out for bottled water, which costs up to 1,900 times more than tap water, you have a right to know what exactly is inside that pricey plastic bottle.

Most bottled water makers don’t agree. They keep secret some or all the answers to these elementary questions:

  • Where does the water come from?
  • Is it purified? How?
  • Have tests found any contaminants?

Among the ten best-selling brands, nine — Pepsi’s Aquafina, Coca-Cola’s Dasani, Crystal Geyser and six of seven Nestlé brands — don’t answer at least one of those questions.

Only one — Nestlé’s Pure Life Purified Water — discloses its water source and treatment method on the label and offers an 800-number, website or mailing address where consumers can request a water quality test report.

The industry’s refusal to tell consumers everything they deserve to know about their bottled water is surprising.

Since July 2009, when Environmental Working Group released its groundbreaking Bottled Water Scorecard, documenting the industry’s failure to disclose contaminants and other crucial facts about their products, bottled water producers have been taking withering fire from consumer and environmental groups.

A new EWG survey of 173 unique bottled water products finds a few improvements – but still too many secrets and too much advertising hype. Overall, 18 percent of bottled waters fail to list the source, and 32 percent disclose nothing about the treatment or purity of the water. Much of the marketing nonsense that drew ridicule last year can still be found on a number of labels.

EWG recommends that you drink filtered tap water. You’ll save money, drink water that’s purer than tap water and help solve the global glut of plastic bottles.

We support stronger federal standards to enforce the consumer’s right to know all about bottled water.

Until the federal Food and Drug Administration cracks down on water bottlers, use EWG’s Bottled Water Scorecard to find brands that disclose water source, treatment and quality and
that use advanced treatment methods to remove a broad range of pollutants.


Do toilets go to heaven? by http://www.bluegranola.com/

Toilet –> Tile –> Trendy.

One rarely ponders the life and death of a toilet. Just like some kids ask if dogs go to heaven, I wonder where toilets go when their lifespan is up. For some of them, the answer is a Whole Foods juice bar. Fireclay Tile, a Northern California-based ceramic tile company, uses recycled materials such as porcelain from local used toilets to create its product. According to their website, “All products are handmade within Fireclay’s day-lit, open air factory where the company reuses everything including clays, glazes and waste water.”

toilet1 1024x768 Toilet   > Tile   > Trendy

Ok, pause. Why is going around collecting old toilets and making them into counter tops for yuppies important?

Answer: Throwing away large clunky items like toilets contributes to our problem of overflowing landfills. Instead, we should do everything we can to waste less and reuse more. Turning a toilet into a tile does just that because by reusing the porcelain, Fireclay lowers the amount of pollution that would otherwise be emitted by creating all new material from scratch. Also, the company only uses things it can find from nearby sources which significantly reduces its carbon footprint.

Point is- recycling, reusing, and buying local does not only apply to soda cans, plastic bags, and vegetables. People are creating innovative ways to do their part for the planet all the time using their own unique talents. Cool.


U.S. Falling Short Of Its Goals To Improve Access To Clean Water, Sanitation Worldwide, Report Says – Kaiser Global Health

U.S. Falling Short Of Its Goals To Improve Access To Clean Water, Sanitation Worldwide, Report Says – Kaiser Global Health.

Friday, November 19, 2010

The U.S. is falling short on its goal of improving conditions for the 2.6 billion people worldwide without access to clean water and sanitation despite the fact the Water for the Poor Act became law in 2005, according to a report released Thursday by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), WaterAid, CARE and 11 other organization, Food Safety News reports (11/19).

“A lack of strategic planning; inadequate political prioritization of safe water, sanitation and hygiene issues; and limited programming capacity at the United States Agency of International Development (USAID) and the State Department are just some of the reasons the government has fallen behind on the implementation of the law, the groups say,” according to a NRDC press release. In the report, the advocate groups outline several recommendations for the Obama administration to take “immediately” to help “address the global sanitation crisis,” the press release states. The report also urges the U.S. Congress to pass the Water for the World Act, which they argue “can help build the capacity within the government to implement the Water for the Poor Act … and would set a target for reaching 100 million people worldwide with safe water and sanitation,” according to the press release.

“In order to ensure that the U.S. government and U.S. taxpayers are getting the most possible out of this investment, it is crucial that the administration release a real strategy by which its efforts can be judged,” Peter Lochery, director of the Water Team at CARE, said in the press release (11/18).

“Approximately 4,000 children under 5 years old in the developing world die each day from diarrheal diseases. Diarrhea caused by unsafe water and sanitation kills more children under 5 every year than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and measles combined,” Food Safety News reports. The release of the report coincided with World Toilet Day on Friday, Nov. 19 (11/18).

Also reporting on World Toilet Day, IRIN examines the business behind efforts to bring toilets to some of the billions worldwide without them, writing, ” Entrepreneur turned toilet crusader Jack Sim from Singapore wants to turn the toilet into the new gold standard of status in Asia, which would signify ‘making it.'” However, “for this to happen, aid groups, which have long promoted the health and hygiene benefits of safe toilets for the world’s estimated 2.6 billion people who do not have a toilet, need to step aside and let the market take over, said Sim,” according to the news service.

According to the article, the World Toilet Organization (WTO), which Sim founded in 2001, “wants … to mass market toilets (in countries lacking them) through SaniShops ‘social franchises’ which will provide marketing and sales training, branding, and maintenance support,” the news service writes. “Starting in Cambodia, where diarrhoea linked to open defecation kills 11,000 people every year – more than AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, combined – Sim wants to ‘tap into people’s dreams rather than fears,'” IRIN writes. “If you tell someone they may die of diarrhoea, it is not much of an incentive to build a toilet. But if toilets become a sign of wealth, jealousy over their neighbours’ latrines will drive them to build their own.”

“With support from the U.S. Agency for International Development, WTO piloted the production and sales of toilets designed by the NGO International Development Enterprises Cambodia … Retailing at US$32, $6 profit goes to the manufacturer and $1 goes to the seller. Villagers have produced and sold 2,000 pour-flush latrines thus far, and WTO wants to create more factories, which cost $400 each to set up” (11/19).

USA Today Examines How Haiti’s Water, Sanitation Issues Exacerbate Cholera Outbreak

Saying that the Haitian government has done little to improve the country’s water and sanitation systems since the Jan. 12 earthquake, aid groups worry the cholera outbreak that struck the country, killing more than 1,100 will only grow worse, USA Today reports. While installing permanent water systems is less expensive than delivering emergency aid, without a plan from the Haitian government, aid groups on the ground continue to deliver emergency supplies, according to Oxfam spokeswoman Julie Schindall.

“The U.N.’s water and sanitation group had planned water and sewer projects to expand the piped water system and move Haitians away from emergency water. They await government approval,” the newspaper writes. Mark Henderson, chief of the UNICEF Water, Sanitation and Hygiene program in Haiti, noting how all attention is focused on stopping the cholera outbreak, suggested the outbreak may eventually lead to increased pressure on the Haitian government to improve water and sanitation conditions.

Even before the earthquake, “more than a third of Haitians lacked access to clean water,” USA Today writes, and now “[l]ess than one-fifth of the population has access to a simple latrine or toilet, Henderson says. … In the Artibonite area, where the cholera epidemic began, most people use the Artibonite River for bathing, drinking and going to the toilet, and do not have access to chlorinated water that could kill the cholera bacteria. Many of Port-au-Prince’s slums have no running water or sewer systems.”

Imogen Wall, spokeswoman for the U.N. Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and Henry Gray, emergency water and sanitation coordinator for Doctors Without Borders, are also quoted in the article (Leiwand, 11/19).

Atlanta Journal-Constitution Looks At Coca-Cola’s Efforts To Conserve Water, Criticisms Company Is Causing Water Problems In Some Regions

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution contrasts Coca-Cola’s efforts to conserve water globally and improve their company’s water efficiency to criticisms by some that the volume of water Coca-Cola uses is behind some of the problems facing water stressed regions throughout the world.

“From southern Europe to parts of India and China, Mexico and the U.S., many of Coca-Cola’s territories are facing or could face water stress. According to the United Nations, almost 900 million people worldwide do not have access to clean water. In a decade, two-thirds of the projected population of 8 billion could live in water-stressed areas,” the newspaper writes. The article details an ongoing debate in India over Coca-Cola’s impact on the environment and water conditions, including an argument by some that the company is to blame for exacerbating the water stress in an Indian village.

Still, as the article notes, Coca-Cola has committed to several efforts to improving water usage around the world, including water recycling and educational outreach efforts to farmers. “In addition to its work around freshwater basins, the company has committed to spending $30 million by 2015 to provide access to safe drinking water in Africa. The Replenish Africa Initiative aims to provide at least two million Africans with clean water and sanitation,” the newspaper writes. “According to the World Health Organization, more than 300 million Africans lack access to safe drinking water, and millions die each year from waterborne illnesses. Coca-Cola’s cash will go toward technology such as rainwater harvesting, hand pumps, pipe systems and chlorine treatment systems,” the newspaper writes (McWilliams, 11/18).


More handphones than toilets in India

More handphones than toilets in India.


It is easier for India’s poor to acquire cell phones than gain access to proper toilets.

THE Mumbai slum of Rafiq Nagar has no clean water for its shacks made of ripped tarp and bamboo. No garbage pickup along the rocky, pocked earth that serves as a road. No power except from haphazard cables strung overhead illegally.

And not a single toilet or latrine for its 10,000 people.

Yet nearly every destitute family in the slum has a cell phone.

Outhouse: A boy making his way to a latrine outside his makeshift home at a slum in Mumbai, India. According to the United Nations, more Indians have cell phones than access to a toilet.

India is a country where more people have cell phones than access to a toilet, according to the United Nations. It is a country buoyed by a vibrant business world of call centres and software developers, but hamstrung by a bloated government that has failed to deliver the barest of services.

Its estimated growth rate of 8.5% a year is among the highest in the world, but its roads are crumbling.

It offers cheap, world-class medical care to Western tourists at private hospitals, yet has some of the worst child mortality and maternal death rates outside sub-Saharan Africa.

And while tens of millions have benefited from India’s rise, many more remain mired in some of the worst poverty in the world.

Businessman Mukesh Ambani, the world’s fourth-richest person, is just finishing off a new US$1bil (RM3.08bil) skyscraper-house in Mumbai with 27 floors and three helipads, touted as the most expensive home on Earth. Yet farmers still live in shacks of mud and cow dung.

The cell phone frenzy bridges all worlds. Cell phones are sold amid the Calvin Klein and Clinique stores under the soaring atriums of India’s new malls, and in the crowded markets of its working-class neighbourhoods. Bare shops in the slums sell pre-paid cards next to packets of chewing tobacco, while street hawkers peddle car chargers at traffic lights.

Engrossed: Children watching television in their home in the Rafiq Nagar slum. While millions have benefited from India’s rise, many more remain mired in some of the worst poverty in the world.

The spartan Beecham’s in New Delhi’s Connaught Place, one of the country’s seemingly ubiquitous mobile phone dealers, is overrun with lunchtime customers of all classes looking for everything from a 35,000 rupee (RM2,435) Blackberry Torch to a basic 1,150 rupee (RM80) Nokia.

There were more than 670 million cell phone connections in India by the end of August, a number that has been growing by close to 20 million a month, according to government figures.

Yet UN figures show that only 366 million Indians have access to a private toilet or latrine, leaving 665 million to defecate in the open.

Basic needs

“At least tap water and sewage disposal – how can we talk about any development without these two fundamental things? How can we talk about development without health and education?” says Anita Patil-Deshmukhl, executive director of PUKAR, an organisation that conducts research and outreach in the slums of Mumbai.

India’s leaders say they are sympathetic to the problem. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, an economist credited with unleashing India’s private sector by loosening government regulation, talks about growth that benefits the masses of poor people as well as a burgeoning middle class of about 300 million.

Sonia Gandhi, chief of the ruling Congress Party, has pushed laws guaranteeing a right to food and education, as well as a gargantuan rural jobs programme for nearly 100 million people. But as many as 800 million Indians still live on less than US$2 (RM6.20) a day, even as Mumbai’s stock exchange sits near record highs.

Many fear the situation is unsustainable.

“Everybody understands the threat. Everybody recognises that there is a gap, that this could be the thing that trips up this country,” says Anand Mahindra, vice chairman and managing director of the Mahindra & Mahindra manufacturing company.

Private companies have tried to fill that gap, and Tata sells a 749 rupee (RM52) water purifier for the poor. Mafias provide water and electricity to slum dwellers at a cost far higher than what wealthy Indians pay for basic services.

“For every little thing, we have to pay,” says Nusrat Khan, a 35-year-old maid and single parent who raises her four children on less than 3,000 rupees (RM209) a month and blames the government for her lack of access to water and a toilet.

The government is spending US$350mil (RM1.078bil) a year to build toilets in rural areas. Bindeshwar Pathak, the founder of the Sulabh Sanitation and Social Reform Movement, estimates the country needs about 120 million more latrines – likely the largest sanitation project in world history.

A boy talking on a cell phone in Mumbai’s Rafiq Nagar slum. (Pic right) Salim, a migrant labourer, making a phone call outside his makeshift home. The cell phone frenzy bridges all classes in India.

“Those in power, only they can change the situation,” says Pathak, who claims to have helped build a million low-cost latrines across India over the past 40 years.

Makeshift latrines

In the slums of Mumbai, home to more than half the city’s population of 14 million, the yearning for toilets is so great that enterprising residents have built makeshift outhouses on their own.

In Annabhau Sathe Nagar, a raised latrine of corrugated tin empties into a river of sewage that children splash in and adults wade across. The slum in east Mumbai has about 50,000 residents and a single toilet building, with 10 pay toilets for men and eight for women – two of which are broken.

With the wait for those toilets up to an hour even at 5am, and the two-rupee (14sen) fee too expensive for many, most people either use a field or wait to use the toilets at work, says Santosh Thorat, 32, a community organiser.

Conditions are far worse in Rafiq Nagar, a crowded, 15-year-old slum on the lip of a 44-hectare garbage dump.

Most of the slum dwellers are scavengers who sort through heaps of trash for scraps of plastic, glass, metal, even bones, anything they can sell to recyclers for cash. A pungent brew of ripe garbage and sewage blows through the trash-strewn streets, as choking smoke from wood fires rolls out the doorways of windowless huts. Children, half clothed in rags, play hopscotch next to a mysterious grey liquid that has gathered in stagnant puddles weeks after the last rainfall.

Just beside the shacks, men and women defecate in separate areas behind rolling hills of green foliage that have sprung up over the garbage. Children run through those hills, flying kites.

Khatija Sheikh, 20, splurges to use a pay toilet in another neighbourhood 10 minutes away, but is never sure what condition it will be in.

“Sometimes it’s clean, sometimes it’s dirty. It’s totally dependent on the owner’s mood,” says Khatija, whose two young children use the street. Her home is less than 2m from an elevated outhouse built by a neighbour that drops sewage next to her walls.

Since there are no water pipes or wells here, residents are forced to rely on the water mafia for water for cooking, washing clothes, bathing and drinking. The neighbourhood is rife with skin infections, tuberculosis and other ailments.

A large blue barrel outside a home is filled with murky brown water, tiny white worms and an aluminium drinking cup. To fill up two jerry cans costs between 40 rupees (RM2.80) and 50 rupees (RM3.50) a day, about one-third of the average family’s earnings here.

“If the government would give us water, we would pay that money to the government,” said Suresh Pache, 41, a motorised rickshaw driver.

Instead, it has issued demolition notices throughout the slum, which sits illegally on government land.

Yet the world of technology has embraced the slum dwellers with its cheap cell phones and cut-rate calling plans that charge a sliver of a penny a minute.

Pache bought his first phone for 1,400 rupees (RM97.50) four months ago. Since then, his wife, a ragpicker, found two other broken models as she scoured the garbage dump, and he paid to have them repaired.

He speaks with fluency about the different plans offered by Tata, Reliance and Idea that cost him a total of 300 rupees (RM20.90) a month. Now, when his rickshaw breaks down, he can alert his wife with a call. She uses her phone to tell the recyclers where she is in the dump so they can drive out to her, saving her the time and effort of dragging her bag of scraps to them.

Mohan Singh, a 58-year-old bicycle repairman, says his son uses their 2,000 rupee (RM139) Orpat phone to play music and talk to relatives.

Santosh Thorat, the community organiser, shows photographs of his neighbourhood and videos of a pre-school he started on his Nokia cameraphone, while his second phone rings in his pocket.

Sushila Paten, who teaches at the pre-school, organises a phone chain with her Samsung to instantly mobilise hundreds of people in the streets when violent thugs show up demanding “rent” from the squatters.

In fact, the spread of cell phones may end up bringing toilets.

R. Gopalakrishnan, executive director of Tata Sons, one of India’s most revered companies, says the rising aspirations of the poor, buttressed by their growing access to communications and information, will put tremendous pressure on the government to start delivering.

People already are starting to challenge local officials who for generations answered to no one, he says.

“I think there are very, very dramatic changes happening,” he says. – AP

Investor Report Scrutinizes Water Supply Reliability | Barry Nelson’s Blog | Switchboard, from NRDC

Investor Report Scrutinizes Water Supply Reliability | Barry Nelson’s Blog | Switchboard, from NRDC.

Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District Regional Toilet Rebate Program

Source: this information is provided on the Metropolitan North Georgia’s Water Districts website.

The following water providers participate in the Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District Regional Toilet Rebate Program.  If you receive your water bill from a provider listed below, you may qualify for an incentive to replace your older, inefficient toilets!

Water Providers Participating in the Metro Water District’s Toilet Rebate Program

  • City of Atlanta Department of Watershed Management
  • Cherokee County Water and Sewerage Authority
  • Clayton County Water Authority
  • City of College Park Water and Sewer
  • Coweta County Water and Sewerage Authority
  • City of Cumming Department of Utilities
  • City of Dallas
  • City of East Point Water Resources
  • City of Fairburn
  • Fayette County Water System
  • City of Fayetteville Water Department
  • Forsyth County Department of Water and Sewer
  • Fulton County Department of Public Works
  • Gwinnett County Water Resources
  • City of Hapeville Water and Sewer
  • Henry County Water and Sewerage Authority
  • City of McDonough
  • City of Powder Springs
  • City of Roswell
  • City of Suwanee Water Department
  • City of Woodstock Water and Sewer

NOTE: Rebates are limited and will be issued on a first-come, first-serve basis. Funding is still available if your water provider’s name is listed above.  If your water provider’s name is not listed, please visit the page of water providers operating individual toilet rebate programs.

Customer Eligibility

Customers must meet the following qualifications to receive a toilet rebate:

  1. Have an individual residential account with a participating water provider in the Metro Water District and be up to date on your billing payments.
  2. Own or rent a single-family residential home built in 1993 or earlier (this will be verified).
  3. Purchase an approved toilet after September 28, 2007 to replace an older toilet using greater than 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf).
  4. Agree to an installation verification visit to ensure your efficient toilets have been installed.
  5. Agree to complete a program participation survey.

Frequently Asked Questions (pdf)

Rebate Options

There is a limit of two (2) toilet rebates per household. There are two rebate options:

Option 1: Purchase a toilet that uses 1.6 gpf or less for a $50.00 rebate. A list of recommended toilets receiving a score of at least 350 grams per flush on the Maximum Performance Test is provided. 

$50.00 Rebate Recommended Toilet List (pdf)

Option 2: Purchase a toilet on the $100.00 rebate approved toilet list. These toilets use 1.28 gpf or less and have received the WaterSense certification. 

$100.00 Rebate Approved Toilet List (pdf)

Application Instructions

Download the application or call (404) 463-8645 to request a copy be mailed to you.
Mail your completed signed application, original receipt for the new toilet purchased, and a copy of your most recent water bill to: 

Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District
Toilet Rebate Program
40 Courtland Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30303

You should receive a letter in the mail within 30 days confirming your application was received and that your rebate is being processed.
You should receive your rebate within 2 billing cycles. If after 2 billing cycles you still have not received your rebate, contact your local water provider.

Contact Us

For questions about the program contact us by phone at (404) 463-8645 or by email at toiletrebate@northgeorgiawater.org.

Program Participation

If you have already participated in the program and have received your rebate, complete our program participation survey.

Caroma, Moen Recognized By WaterSense – Industry News – PMEngineer

Caroma, Moen Recognized By WaterSense – Industry News – PMEngineer.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s WaterSense program presented high-efficiency, dual-flush toilet manufacturer Caroma with its inaugural Excellence Award for Caroma’s number of WaterSense-labeled products in the marketplace — all 47 of its floor-mount, dual-flush toilet models, more than any company in the industry. The company’s award-winning Smartflush toilets surpass both the U.S. federal requirement of no more than 1.6 gpf for new toilets, as well as the North American high-efficiency toilet standard of 1.28 gpf. 

The EPA made the presentation at the WaterSmart Innovations Conference in Las Vegas during its second annual WaterSense awards banquet Oct. 6, co-hosted with the Alliance for Water Efficiency. 

“We are deeply honored and grateful to receive an Excellence Award, and we are proud to be a leader in the effort to preserve the world’s most valuable resource,” said Derek Kirkpatrick, Caroma North America’s general manager. “Caroma has been a tireless supporter of sustainable technologies for more than 70 years, and we look forward to strengthening our commitment to changing the way bathroom water is used and conserved.”



WaterSense Partners Of The Year Named

The EPA also named four Partners of the Year for their exceptional efforts in promoting water efficiency and WaterSense-labeled products. The WaterSense program’s more than 2,000 partners help save water for future generations by promoting water efficiency and WaterSense-labeled products. 

“These partners contributed significantly to our efforts to make WaterSense-labeled products a household fixture in 2009,” said Peter S. Silva, assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Water. “They also helped consumers who purchased these products save 36 billion gallons of water and more than $267 million in water and sewer bills in 2009.”

The partners of the year are: 

  • Manufacturer Partner of the Year: Moen. Bathroom fixture manufacturer Moen earned the WaterSense label for all of its 267 bathroom faucet fixtures, ensuring availability of water-saving faucets for consumers at every price point, and garnered significant national media attention for WaterSense.

  • Promotional Partner of the Year: Cascade Water Alliance, King County, Wash. Cascade Water Alliance collaborated with retailers and plumbers to promote water efficiency in the Puget Sound region and rebated more than 3,000 WaterSense-labeled toilets for households and local businesses.

  • Retailer Partner of the Year: Lowe’s Cos. Big-box retailer Lowe’s launched a “Build Your Savings” program to help customers select products that save energy, water and money, winning WaterSense Retail/Distributor Partner of the Year for the second year in a row.

  • Irrigation Partner of the Year: Judy Benson of Clear Water Products and Services (Clear Water PSI), Florida.Benson educated businesses and consumers on outdoor water efficiency and encouraged other irrigation professionals in the central Florida region to partner with WaterSense.

  • To learn more about the WaterSense awards winners, visit www.epa.gov/watersense.

    GA Wins One Battle in Water Wars over Lake Lanier

    via GA Wins One Battle in Water Wars over Lake Lanier – 11Alive.com | WXIA | Atlanta, GA.
    Posted By –  The Associated Press 

    Last Updated On:  7/22/2010 12:11:53 PM


    ATLANTA — A federal judge has rejected demands from Florida that more water be released from Lake Lanier, Metro Atlanta’s main source for drinking water.

    U.S. District Court Judge Paul Magnuson on Wednesday rejected Florida’s request that more water be released from the lake to help endangered or threatened species in the Apalachicola and other rivers. Those species are the Gulf sturgeon, fat threeridge mussel and the purple bankclimber mussel.

    “Judge Magnuson’s rejection of Florida’s efforts to seek a judicial decree for higher downstream flows that were not supported by science or the law is a major victory for Georgia,” Governor Sonny Perdue said in a statement Thursday. “Any kind of higher guaranteed flow for Florida would have put a strain on Georgia communities up and down the Chattahoochee River. We always felt the use of the Endangered Species Act was just a ruse to try and wring more water out of Georgia. Judge Magnuson recognized that and issued a common-sense ruling that allows the three states to continue meaningful talks.”

    Judge Magnuson has threatened to severely restrict Metro Atlanta’s use of the reservoir by 2012 unless leaders in Georgia, Alabama and Florida can strike a deal.

    “With this ruling in hand, it is time for the three governors to come back together at the negotiating table and continue our ongoing efforts to finally reach a water-sharing agreement that benefits all three states,” Perdue said. “We stand ready and willing to engage at the earliest opportunity possible.”

    Magnuson earlier ruled that Atlanta has little legal right to drinking water from Lake Lanier.

    50 Atypical Toilet Innovations – From Briefcase Toilets to Steampunk Toilets (CLUSTER)

    50 Atypical Toilet Innovations – From Briefcase Toilets to Steampunk Toilets (CLUSTER).

    The Business of Bottled Water: An “Obsession” with a Price

    The Business of Bottled Water: An “Obsession” with a Price.

    Books: Peter Gleick Answers Questions About His New Book, Bottled and Sold

    By Eliza Barclay

    for National Geographic News

    Published June 14, 2010

    This story is part of a special series that explores the global water crisis. For more visit National Geographic’s Freshwater website.

    Everyone needs water, and in much of the developed world, they get it—virtually for free. Yet companies have made a big business out of selling water products to people with ready access to safe, clean tap water.

    The effects of the bottled-water movement have been devastating, not just on wallets but also on the environment, says Peter Gleick, one of the world’s foremost experts on sustainable water use and winner of a 2003 MacArthur “genius” grant. In his first book for the general public, Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water, Gleick explores the skillful marketing that made bottled water such a success, the myth of “clean” bottled water, and the surprising toll it has taken on our environment.

    (Read more about the book on the NewsWatch Blog.)

    National Geographic News writer Eliza Barclay recently spoke with Gleick, who is co-founder and president of the Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security in Oakland, California.

    What do you think is the most groundbreaking aspect of this book?

    There were all sorts of things about how bottled water is monitored and tested and marketed that I found fascinating. It was really a lesson in how private companies are able to turn a public good into private product.

    The bottom-line question for me was, how is it possible that we can be convinced to spend so much money on a commercial product when the same product is available usually a only few feet from where we might be sitting? The four reasons why I think people buy it are the fear of tap water, the convenience of bottled water, the disappearance of water fountains from public spaces, and aggressive marketing and advertising. The most difficult one is the growing concern consumers have about the quality of tap water.

    What was the most bizarre thing you learned while researching this book?

    The most bizarre stories have to do with strange claims made for some products—the ones with the molecules magically rearranged or that have enhanced oxygen—claims that are completely unjustifiable by science. This shows some degree of failure by the federal agencies that are supposed to protect us from false advertising.

    And I don’t know if this is bizarre, but the entire life cycle of plastic bottles entails very serious environmental consequences that customers don’t really understand or know. There are huge energy costs in making plastic bottles, treating and filling them with water, and throwing them away.

    If consumers knew [about these costs], consumption would go down. In some ways PET [polyethylene terephthalate, the plastic used to make many bottles] is pretty good plastic—it’s great for packaging food, it doesn’t leach nasty chemicals, and it’s completely recyclable. But there’s a big difference between recyclable and recycled. Probably 70 percent of plastic water bottles are never recycled, so that’s a very serious solid waste problem.

    You mention in the book that sales of bottled water dipped for the first time in many years in 2008. Do you think they will continue to drop?

    I don’t know what will happen with sales. It depends on a lot of things. It depends on how effective education is to move people away from bottled water. I believe there is more and more awareness of the problems and about how good and crucial the alternatives usually are. If we can continue to address successfully the reasons people buy bottled water, sales will continue to go down.

    What do you think about the state of tap water in this country?

    Consumers are increasingly worried about it. Some of that worry is legitimate, and some is unnecessary. Mostly in the U.S. we have very high-quality tap water, water that most of rest of world would love to have. But it’s also true that our tap water system is not as good as should be or could be. We should be investing more money installing state-of-the-art water purification systems everywhere and getting rid of old pipes and bad distribution systems that add bad things to clean water. It’s cheaper than relying on bottled water.

    The older the city, the more likely it will have an old, leaky distribution system that might add contaminants. But some of the oldest cities in the country have wonderful systems. San Francisco delivers incredibly high-quality water. Having said that, every city should look for those pipes and parts of distribution system that are bad and replace them. This isn’t magic; we know how to solve these problems.

    Do you think we take tap water for granted?

    We tend to trust the government to do its job, or the private sector to do its job. And mostly our tap water is perfectly safe. Ironically for tap water, when there are problems, the public hears about it right away because there’s prompt public notification. This is a good thing, but it makes the public worry about tap water quality when doesn’t need to.

    And as you say in the book, there’s no guarantee that bottled water is any better, right?

    When we actually look carefully at bottled water quality, we often find problems. I found a hundred examples of bottled water recalls, many of which were never publicized. Those are just the ones found with very little monitoring. If we monitored bottled water as frequently as we monitor tap water, we’d see more and more problems.

    One of your final chapters looks at the effort to produce “ethical” bottled water—water with a lower environmental impact and whose sale supports charity groups. I noticed that most of the “ethical” bottled water companies you list are in Europe. Is Europe ahead of the U.S. on bottled water?

    Europe is way ahead in regulation of bottled water and requires clear, informative labels on their bottles. One of problems with the bottled water industry in the U.S. is that labels are incredibly uninformative. They don’t typically tell us where water comes from or how it’s treated or what’s in the water.

    What about bottled water in developing countries? What if a government is a long way away from investing in water infrastructure?

    There are many places in the world where you have to drink bottled water because safe and reliable tap water is not available. Mexico is good example. High bottled water use there is a symptom of a failure of the government to provide. It’s incredibly inequitable. The rich will buy bottled water and the poor will drink dirty tap water, and kids will get sick. But the answer is not bottled water for everyone—the long-term answer has got to be safe and affordable tap water. The poor are never going to be able to afford bottled water.

    City of Raleigh, NC WaterSense toilet replacement rebate program

    Source: http://www.raleighnc.gov/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_306_202_0_43/http;/pt03/DIG_Web_Content/category/Resident/Water_and_Wastewater/Cat-1C-2009513-144902-WaterSense_Toilet_Replac.html

    Stop flushing money down the toilet! Toilets can use up to 30 % of indoor domestic water usage; older toilets can even use up to seven gallons in one flush!


    The City of Raleigh is now offering WaterSense toilet rebates to ALL water customers of the following municipalities: Raleigh, Wendell, Garner, Rolesville, Knightdale, Zebulon, and Wake Forest. Toilet rebates up to $100, to cover the cost of each toilet, will be given for retrofitting an old toilet with an EPA WaterSense labeled toilets; installation fees will not be covered. WaterSense toilets are independently certified to be:

    • High Efficiency Toilets (HETs) using 20 percent less than the current federal standard of 1.6 gallons/flush
    • and of High performance quality

    To qualify, applicants must: 

    1. Be a residential or non-residential (commercial, industrial or institutional) customer of the following municipalities: Raleigh, Wendell, Garner, Rolesville, Knightdale, Zebulon, or Wake Forest 
    2. Be current in their bill and not owing past due fees.
    3. Record the measurements of their old toilet’s tank; these must be included in the application. Details are given in subsequent sections.
    4. Replace an old toilet, of 1.6 gallons or higher flush volume, with an EPA WaterSense labeled toilet. New toilet installations are not covered in this rebate nor are replacements for current WaterSense toilets.
    5. Include the original receipt(s) for the toilet(s) dated on or after April 4, 2009.
    6. Agree to a post-installation inspection to verify the toilet’s eligibility. Details are given in subsequent sections.

    * Rebate amount is determined by the cost of the toilet, tax included, with a maximum rebate of $100 per toilet. Installation fees are not eligible to be included for rebates. Rebates will be given as checks and not as credit on the water bill unless the water accounts are not current; then the rebate may be denied or given as a credit towards the water account.
    Old Toilet Information

    For verification of eligibility, and statistical and monitoring purposes, each applicant is required to provide the measurements of the old toilet’s tank.


    Lift the tank lid and take three measurements, in inches, from inside the tank:

    A. Depth of the Water Level (from the bottom of the tank to the water line)

    B. Length (inside the tank, left to right)

    C. Width (inside the tank,  front to back)

    To determine how many gallons per flush (GPF) your toilet uses, multiply the three measurements together and divide by 231.

    If you currently have a water-displacing item within your tank, measure the water level with the item in place and make a note of having a water displacer in the comment section of the rebate application.
    GPF = (Length x Width x Water Depth)/231

    Purchasing A WaterSense Toilet

    WaterSense toilets come in many colors, heights, varieties and styles including: gravity flush, dual-flush, flapperless, pressure assisted flush and more!
    Toilets are either sold as a one-piece toilet or a two-piece (tank and bowl); only the EPA combinations listed qualify for the WaterSense label. A list of qualifying toilets, along with more information about the WaterSense program, is located at http://epa.gov/watersense/pp/find_het.htm; this list is updated periodically so stay tuned for new toilets!
    Remember to look for the WaterSense logo, pictured above, to ensure you are purchasing a toilet that qualifies for the City’s rebate program. WaterSense toilets are available at many are retailers including our Program supporters.

    What Application Will I Need?

    Is the applicant …

    1. Both the home owner and water account holder?


      NO, I rent or the water account is in the HOA’s name = OWNER-RENTER-HOA APPLICATION

    2. Business owner/manager?


    3. Plumber who provided a direct rebate for the water account holder?


    4. Property Manager?


    If there is any confusion about your eligibility, please contact the Public Utilities Department at (919) 857.4540.

    Verification of Installation

    The City of Raleigh reserves the right to inspect the installation of WaterSense labeled toilet(s) submitted for this rebate program. If the installation is provided by a licensed plumber, this inspection may not be necessary; however, THE APPLICANT MUST INCLUDE A COPY OF THE RECEIPT FROM THE LICENSED PLUMBER containing the following information:

    • Plumber’s contact details
    • Company name
    • NC license number
    • Installation date & location
    • Toilet’s brand and model numbers (must match the those on the application)


    All applicants must dispose of their old toilets properly. Toilets, from Raleigh residences, may be picked up for free as part of the City’s Bulky Load Pick-Up. For more information, call (919) 996-6890 or visit: www.raleighnc.gov/bulky. Leaving the old toilet at the curb without calling for a Bulky Load Pick-up may result in a fine by the City. Applicants not eligible for this service will need to make other disposal arrangements.

    Rebate checks, and not credits, will be disbursed to approved applicants.
    These will be mailed to the address listed on the rebate application. Once an application has been approved, please allow 45 business days for the rebate check to be disbursed. Due to staff and resource constraints, not all applicants will be informed when their application is received or approved. Applicants will be notified when their application is unsuccessful or incomplete.

    Program Duration
    The program commenced April 7, 2009 and will be offered for one year or until rebate funds are spent. Program is subject to change or terminate at any time without prior notice. PENDING APPLICATIONS PROCESSED FOR THE REBATE PROGRAM AT THE TIME FUNDS ARE EXHAUSTED WILL BE DENIED AND THE APPLICANT WILL NOT BE ENTITLED TO REIMBURSEMENT.

    Warranties And Representations

    Documentation & Consents

    1. Receipts: Applications without receipts will not be processed.
    2. Written Consent: MAY BE REQUIRED when the applicant is:

    • Not the water account holder
    • A (residential or non) renter/tenant and not the owner
    • Licensed plumber who is not the water account holder



    1. Ensure accounts remain current.
    2. Obtain required consents.
    3. Record old toilet measurements.
    4. Purchase a WaterSense toilet(s).
    5. Complete the rebate application.
    6. Attach original/itemized receipt.
      City of Raleigh
      c/o Toilet Rebate Program
      One Exchange Plaza, Suite 620
      Raleigh, NC 27601

    Program Supporters
    WaterSense toilets are now available at our local program supporters: Home DepotFerguson Bath, Lighting and Kitchen GalleryCarolina Decorative Plumbing and Streamline Plumbing & Electric.